Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in the urinary system and it can affect any part of the urinary system such as the bladder, kidneys, ureter, and urethra. Urine is produced by your kidneys to remove waste products and fluids from the body and urine pass through the urinary system without any bacteria. When the urinary system gets infected due to some bacteria from outside, it is called urinary tract infection (UTI).
Most of these infections occur in the bladder and urethra. Though anyone can get UTI, it is more commonly seen in women. UTI can be treated using antibiotics but it is better to take proper measures to prevent the infection.
Signs and Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary tract infection may not show symptoms in all cases. However, the common signs and symptoms are as follows:
- Severe pain or burning sensation while urinating
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Peeing little amount than normal
- Cloudy and dark urine
- Blood and strong odour in urine
- Pain in the lower back
- Pain in the pelvis for women
- Men may experience rectal pain
If you have any signs or symptoms as mentioned above, you should consider visiting a doctor as soon as possible for an early diagnosis of the condition.
Different Types of Urinary Tract Infection
As mentioned earlier, urinary tract infections can occur in different parts of the urinary system. Each type of UTI is based on where they occur. The common types of UTI are:
- Cystitis: If the infection occurs at the bladder, it is called Cystitis and it causes more urge to urinate. It causes severe pain while peeing and you may also experience pain in the lower abdomen.
- Pyelonephritis: UTI at kidneys is called Pyelonephritis and it causes pain in the upper back, fever, vomiting and chills.
Urethritis: UTI at the urethra is called urethritis and it causes a burning sensation while peeing.
What Causes Urinary Tract Infection?
Urinary tract infection usually occurs when the bacteria on the skin, rectum, vagina etc. enters the urinary tract through the urethra and moves to the bladder. In general, your body has the ability to flush out those bacteria before it reaches your bladder. If it does not happen due to any reason, bacteria will grow and cause infection in the urinary tract.
Most of the UTIs occur in females and it affects the bladder and urethra. Women have smaller urethra when compared to men. So, it is close to the anus and infection can spread easily to the bladder. In some cases, bacteria from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract such as Escherichia coli (E. coli) can get into the urethra from the anus. From there, it can move into your bladder. If it is not diagnosed and treated, it can even destroy your kidneys through infection. This is one of the causes of cystitis.
Urethritis is caused by GI bacteria when it moves from anus to urethra. It can also be caused due to infections such as herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia and mycoplasma which are sexually transmitted infections. This is because the female urethra is very close to the anus.
Genes may also be a reason for UTIs in women. People with diabetes are also at high risk of developing urinary tract infections as they do not have a strong immunity system to fight against infections.
Diagnosis and Treatment of UTI
If you have any signs of UTI, seek medical attention immediately. The doctor will collect your urine sample to check for bacteria that cause UTIs. If required, the doctor also performs lab analysis of urine sample to determine the type of bacteria that is causing infection. If you have UTI multiple times, your doctor may perform a CT scan, MRI, or ultrasound scan to know if there is any problem in your urinary tract.
Urinary tract infections can be treated using antibiotics. The type of medicine prescribed and how long you should use them is based on your health condition and the bacteria that caused your infection. The doctor may also prescribe medications to relieve your pain. Along with using medications, you should also consume lots of water to flush out bacteria.
Meet Nephrologists at Renown Kidney Clinic for UTI Treatment
Renown Kidney Clinic is one of the best clinics in Hyderabad that treat urinary tract infections. We have a team of qualified and experienced nephrologists who are familiar with different types of UTIs. Apart from offering treatment solutions, they also suggest required safety measures and lifestyle changes to prevent UTIs. If you have been suffering from UTI, call us today to seek effective treatment.