Proteinuria is a condition where protein levels in the urine are high. This can be an indication of kidney damage as improper functioning of the kidneys leads to leakage of proteins into urine. Proteins are important for your body as they help build up muscles, control fluids in the blood, and can fight against infections. If the proteins are leaking through urine, it can cause health issues. Protein that is present in the urine is called albuminuria or proteinuria.
Causes of Proteinuria
Kidneys are responsible for removing waste fluids from the body and passing them into urine. Kidneys store essential proteins and will pass them to the blood. But, if the kidneys are not working as expected, they will allow the proteins to leak into urine. This leads to excess levels of proteins in urine.
If you are at risk of developing kidney diseases, you are likely to have protein in the urine. There are certain medical conditions that cause temporary protein in your urine such as:
- Low blood pressure
- Kidney stones
- Being exposed to extreme cold temperature
There are other health problems that can also cause high levels of protein in urine such as the following:
- Inflammation of kidneys
- Kidney cancer
- Nephrotic syndrome
- Cardiovascular disease
- Heart failure
Common Signs and Symptoms of Proteinuria
When the levels of protein in urine are small and the damage to the kidneys are mild, proteinuria will not show any signs. But, if the protein levels are high in the urine, you may notice the following symptoms:
- Swelling of hands, stomach, face, or feet
- Frequent urination
- Sick feeling or tiredness
- Vomiting sensation
- Loss of hunger
- Bubbly or foamy urine
- Difficulty in breathing
If you ever experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms, mainly bubbly urine and swelling, you should immediately seek medical attention. Early diagnosis can help prevent serious health problems.
Diagnosis for Proteinuria
To diagnose proteinuria, doctors use a urine test. A urine test helps to determine the levels of protein in urine. The urine test used for determining protein in urine is called urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR). If the test result is more than 30mg/g, it indicates a kidney disease.
If your doctor suspects kidney disease, the urine test will be repeated three times in three months. Each time if the results show protein content, it shows you have kidney disease. Early diagnosis can help slow down the progressions or stop the disease.
Treatment for Proteinuria
Treatment for proteinuria is based on the cause of the disease and doctors focus on treating the cause. If the condition is due to kidney disease, medications, following a healthy diet, practising exercise and losing weight can prevent the condition.
If you have diabetes, a treatment plan will be developed to ensure blood sugar is under control. Treatment includes medications, following a healthy diet, etc. If you have high BP, medications will be prescribed to make your blood pressure normal and to reduce the damage to your kidneys.
Even if you do not have high blood pressure, and diabetes, still medications are prescribed for blood pressure. This helps to prevent damage to the kidneys. You should get your urine test and blood pressure checked for every six months to ensure you are free from kidney disease.
Renown Kidney Clinic - A Team of Qualified Nephrologists in Hyderabad
If you are suspecting proteinuria, it is important to meet a nephrologist as soon as possible. Renown Kidney Clinic has been offering treatments for different kidney diseases in Hyderabad for several years. Our team of nephrologists have worked with different hospitals to treat kidney diseases and this shows their range of expertise. Our nephrologist will determine a treatment plan based on your signs and cause. We ensure to offer affordable and quality services to our patients. To schedule your appointment, call us today.