Diabetes Renal Failure
Diabetic renal failure or diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a serious type of kidney disease caused due to type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is one of the major causes of kidney disease and 1 out of 3 people with diabetes have kidney disease. Kidney disease caused due to diabetes is also called diabetic nephropathy.
The main function of kidneys is to filter waste fluids and chemicals from the body. They are also responsible for maintaining your blood pressure. When the kidneys do not function properly, waste gets accumulated in the body and it causes serious health issues. If kidney damage is due to diabetes, the damage occurs slowly. You can control or delay the damage to our kidneys by taking proper measures.
Indications of Diabetes Kidney Disease
Diabetes kidney disease does not show any signs and symptoms at the early stages. As the disease progresses, you will start noticing signs and symptoms as follows:
- Protein in urine
- Frequent urination than usual
- Difficulty with concentration or confusion
- Breath difficulties
- Swelling of ankles, feet, and legs
- High blood pressure
- Weight gain
- Loss of hunger
If you notice any of the above-mentioned signs, you should immediately visit a nephrologist to get early treatment for your condition.
How Does Diabetes Affect Kidneys?
People with diabetes have high blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels in the kidneys. Due to this, the functioning of the kidneys get affected and they will not able to filter your blood. As a result, lots of waste build up in your body leading to kidney damage.
Hence patients with diabetes should regularly undergo screening tests to check for kidney disease. If it is left unrecognized or untreated, the kidney damage can lead to kidney failure. Then you might need lifetime dialysis or kidney transplantation.
Risk Factors of Developing Diabetic Kidney Disease
If you have diabetes for a longer period, your chances of developing kidney disease are high. Along with diabetes, the chances of DKD also increase if you have high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) and high blood pressure (hypertension).
Other possible risk factors include:
- High cholesterol levels
- Obesity or overweight
- Family history of sugar and kidney problems
- Consumption of food which is high in salt
- Not following the diabetic diet plan
- Have heart problems
How Do Doctors Know If I Have Diabetic Kidney Disease?
In most cases, diabetic kidney disease does not show any signs. The only way is to check the functioning of your kidneys. When you visit a doctor, he conducts a blood test and urine test to check if you have diabetic kidney disease. A urine test shows the presence of albumin in the urine. A blood test shows the functioning of your kidneys in terms of filtering your blood. The doctor may also conduct imaging tests such as CT scans, and kidney biopsies.
If you have type 2 diabetes, you should undergo a test for kidney disease once in a year. If you have type 1 diabetes for more than 5 years, then also you should undergo a kidney disease test every year.
Does Diabetic Kidney Disease Progress Over Time?
Yes, diabetic kidney disease can become worse over time. However, you can take proper measures to slow down the damage to your kidneys and prevent kidney failure. Many people with diabetic kidney disease do not end up with kidney failure. Early diagnosis and treatment can help you prevent or slow kidney damage.
Treatment for Diabetic Kidney Disease
The treatment for diabetic kidney disease focuses on controlling diabetes and blood pressure. Lifestyle changes such as diet, regular exercises, and using over-the-counter medications can help control blood sugar and blood pressure. Your doctor may also prescribe medications to control cholesterol levels.
If the diabetic kidney disease progress and causes kidney failure, your doctor will discuss with you the available options. The options include:
- Dialysis: Dialysis removes waste fluids and chemicals from your blood using a machine. It can be performed in two ways namely hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Dialysis can be performed either at home or in the hospital.
- Kidney transplantation: In some cases, kidney transplantation can be the right choice. Your doctor will carefully evaluate you to determine if kidney transplantation is right for you.
Visit Renown Kidney Clinic for Diabetes Renal Failure
If you have any signs of diabetic kidney disease, you should immediately visit a doctor as early as possible. Renown Kidney Clinic has been helping patients affected with DKD for past several years in Hyderabad. They have gained a reputation for their affordable and effective services. Our nephrologists will suggest both surgical and non-surgical procedures based on your condition. Do not have a second thought and visit us today.