Chronic Kidney Disease
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), also known as the chronic renal disease is a condition where your kidneys stop functioning gradually. The main function of kidneys is to filter fluids and chemicals from the body and they will be passed into the urine. Chronic kidney disease can lead to higher levels of fluids and wastes in the body and you might develop health complications. As time passes, chronic kidney disease can also worsen the damage to your kidneys.
The treatment for CKD focuses on slowing the damage to your kidneys by regulating the cause. But the damage to your kidneys cannot be stopped until you get kidney transplantation or use dialysis.
How to Identify If I Have Chronic Kidney Disease?
In the early stages of CKD, you may experience little or no symptoms at all. You may not be aware of the disease until the CKD progresses. As the disease progresses and based on the severity of the damage to your kidneys, you may experience:
- Loss of hunger
- Difficulty while sleeping
- Urinating more or less than usual
- Weakness or tiredness
- Nausea and vomiting
- Dry skin
- Swelling of legs and feet
- Breath difficulty
- Chest pain
- Abdomen pain
If you determine that you have any of the above symptoms, you should visit a doctor as soon as possible to prevent serious consequences.
What are the Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease?
Chronic kidney disease occurs when a condition affects the functioning of your kidneys. The damage begins slowly and gets worse within a few months or years. The causes of CKD include:
- Diabetes: If type 1 and type 2 diabetes is not under control, it damages many body organs such as nerves, eyes, kidneys etc.
- High blood pressure: High blood pressure is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease when it is uncontrolled. CKD can also lead to high blood pressure.
- Glomerulonephritis: It is a group of diseases that can damage the filtering units of your kidneys. It is also a main cause of CKD.
- Inherited diseases: Inherited diseases such as polycystic kidney disease causes the formation of large cysts in your kidneys and thereby damages the tissues surrounding them.
- Malformations before birth: When malformations such as narrowing develop before birth, it can obstruct the flow of urine and makes it flow back to your kidneys. This leads to infections and can damage your kidneys.
- Autoimmune diseases: Autoimmune diseases such as Lupus nephritis causes inflammation of blood vessels that are responsible for filtering waste from your kidneys. Hence, waste gets deposited and it further damages your kidneys.
- Kidney stones and tumors can also lead to kidney damage.
- Pyelonephritis: It causes repeated kidney infection and thereby damages your kidneys.
How Will a Doctor Determine If I Have Chronic Kidney Disease?
When you visit a doctor for CKD, he starts the diagnosis by asking about your medical history and your family history. The doctor also asks about the use of medications that might affect kidney function, changes in urination habits, etc. He then conducts a physical exam to determine any possible signs and symptoms.
For proper diagnosis of kidney diagnosis, several tests are used to determine the stage of your kidney disease. The tests include blood tests, urine tests to look for levels of waste in the blood and the presence of albumin in the urine. Imaging tests may also be used to deeply look into your kidneys structure.
Treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease
The damage caused to your kidneys cannot be treated and it is permanent. However, you can take measures to prevent further damage to your kidneys or to keep your kidneys healthy. Lifestyle changes include maintaining a healthy weight, consuming less salt and low-fat food, quitting drinking and smoking, maintaining BP and sugar in control, and practising regular exercises.
The treatment usually focuses on reducing the cause, signs, symptoms and health complications. With medications, underlying causes can be slowed down or reduced. But the damage to your kidneys cannot be stopped, instead the damage is slowed down. Your doctor might prescribe medications to prevent swelling, control diabetes, BP, protect your bones, control cholesterol levels etc.
If you have end-stage kidney disease, you will need dialysis for a lifetime or you need to get your kidney transplanted.
Get the Best Treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease?
If you or your loved one is suffering from chronic kidney disease, meet nephrologists at Renown Kidney Clinic. We are known for our quality and affordable services in Hyderabad. We treat our patients using the less invasive and latest technology to take proper care of our patients. Our nephrologists are experts at treating CKD irrespective of the cause and your age. Do not delay and book your appointment today to discuss with our nephrologists.