Acute Renal Failure

Acute renal failure, also known as acute kidney failure is a condition where kidneys suddenly stop filtering out waste from your blood. As waste products are not filtered, high levels of the waste get accumulated in the body. Acute renal failure occurs within a few days or a few hours and is most commonly seen in hospitalized patients.

Acute renal failure condition may not be permanent and it requires treatment. If you receive treatment immediately or if it does not cause any health issues, the condition gets normal and your kidneys will start working.

How To Determine If I Have Acute Renal Failure?

Acute renal failure does not show any symptoms and it is detected by your doctor through medical tests. However, the signs and symptoms are based on the cause, and how fast kidney dysfunction occurred.

The following are the common symptoms:

  • Decreased production of urine than normal
  • Swelling in legs, feet, and ankles due to fluid retention
  • Tiredness or weakness
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Loss of hunger
  • Back and abdomen pain
  • Fever
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Nausea
  • Chest pain
  • Seizures or coma

Why Does Acute Renal Failure Occurs?

Acute kidney failure can be mainly due to the following three reasons:

  • Decreased blood flow to your kidneys due to other conditions or diseases such as:
    • Low blood pressure
    • Liver failure
    • Infection
    • Dehydration
    • Heart diseases and heart attack
    • Loss of blood or fluid
    • Overuse of certain medications
    • Severe diarrhea
  • Blockage of urine due to underlying conditions such as:
    • Bladder, colon, or cervical cancer
    • Kidney stones
    • Enlarged prostate
    • Blood clots
    • Prostate cancer
  • Direct damage to kidneys due to the following causes:
    • Blood clots in veins surrounding kidneys
    • Cholesterol deposits that will block blood flow to kidneys
    • Infection
    • Use of chemotherapy drugs
    • Exposure to heavy chemicals and consumption of alcohol and drugs
    • Rhabdomyolysis that damage kidneys
    • Hemolytic uremic syndrome where red blood cells are destroyed at the premature stage
    • Scleroderma is a group of diseases that affect connective tissues and skin

How is Acute Renal Failure Diagnosed?

To diagnose the acute renal failure, your doctor will conduct a physical examination. If the doctor suspects that you have acute renal failure, he may conduct blood tests, and urine tests. Blood test helps to determine the amount of substance in your blood, where as a urine test shows blood and protein in your urine. These tests help your doctor to know the cause of kidney failure.

Your doctor may also conduct a kidney biopsy to know if your kidney is damaged or has any disease. The doctor may also conduct imaging tests such as CT scan, ultrasonography to determine any blockage in urine and enlarged kidneys.

Treatment for Acute Renal Failure

The treatment for acute renal failure needs you to stay in the hospital. In certain cases, you can also recover at home. The recovery and the duration of treatment are based on the cause of this condition. The treatment mainly focuses on treating the condition that is causing acute renal failure. The doctor will closely work with you to develop a suitable treatment plan.

The treatment plan focuses on treating your symptoms and complications until your kidneys start working. The treatment includes changes in your diet, medications, and dialysis.

  • Diet changes include consuming little amounts of salt and potassium till kidneys recover. Diet changes can help reverse acute renal failure.
  • Medications will be prescribed to control blood potassium, and to restore blood calcium levels. Medications focus on reducing the problems that cause kidney failure.
  • Dialysis is used to remove toxins and waste fluids from blood if the kidney damage is severe. Dialysis also removes extra potassium from the body. Dialysis does not treat your kidney, but instead performs the work of kidneys. If kidneys do not start working, dialysis may be required for a long time.

Renown Kidney Clinic – The Best Kidney Clinic in Hyderabad to Treat Acute Renal Failure

Renown Kidney Clinic has a group of qualified and experienced nephrologists who have helped hundreds of patients suffering from different kidney problems. Each case is different and hence they carefully evaluate your condition before determining the treatment plan. We use advanced tools and equipment to ensure safe and secure services to our patients. If you have any signs of acute renal failure, call us and schedule your appointment today.